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Monday, March 31, 2014

Injectable polio vaccine (IPV) in India from 2015

Injectable polio vaccine (IPV) in India from 2015

Injectable polio vaccine (IPV) in India from 2015

After using oral polio vaccine for decades, India is all set to introduce Injectable Polio vaccine (IPV) from next year. While India has been certified polio free by the World Health Organisation last week, the certification of the region comes as countries prepare for the introduction of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) in routine immunisation as part of the eventual phasing out of oral polio vaccines (OPV). More than 120 countries currently use only OPV. According to the experts these countries will have to introduce a dose of IPV in 2015 as part of their commitment to the global polio endgame plan which aims to ensure a polio-free world by 2018.
In a bid to ensure complete elimination of the polio virus, the India Expert Advisory Group on polio had too recommended of stop using trivalent polio vaccine which it has been using for more than three decades. 
The need was felt as chances of vaccine derived polio virus infection (VDPV) are higher with the use of TOPV (that targets all three strains of polio virus P1, P2 and P3).

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